Oyster mushrooms are the easiest variety of mushroom to grow at home or in a small /big scale. The mushrooms grows fast, relatively resistant to competitor organisms and can grow on a different kind of substrate materials. There are several popular oyster mushroom varieties for commercial cultivation below:
- Grey Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus): This oyster mushroom is one of the most commonly available varieties. They grow best in colder temperatures (12-18oC).
2. Phoenix Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus pulmonarius): The Summer Oyster mushroom, Italian Oyster mushroom, or the Indian Oyster mushroom, this variety has evolved to grow in warmer climates and depending on the strain is either white or a brown/tan color.
3. Golden Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus citrinopileatus): Yellow Oyster mushrooms, this variety is best known for its’ beautiful yellow colour. The mushroom prefer warmer temperatures of 18C-30C (64-86F).
4. Pink Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus djamor or P. salmoneo-stramineus): Pink Oyster mushroom grows really fast, producing fruits in as little as 3-4 weeks. They prefer warmer temperatures of 18C-30C (64-86F).
5. King Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii): The mushroom has a firm texture and delicious meaty flavour. It is more difficult to cultivate than other Oyster mushrooms. It prefers cooler temperatures between 12C-18C (45-65 F) for fruiting.
The most widely used substrate for the popular oyster mushroom varieties is straw. However, sawdust, cardboard, coffee grounds and other by products of agriculture such as sugarcane bagasse and cotton waste can also be used.